Virupaksha Temple is located in Hampi  350 km from Bangalore, in the state of Karnataka in southern India. It is part of the Group of Monuments at Hampi, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temple is dedicated to Virupaksha, a form of Shiva. The temple was built by Lakkana Dandesha, a chieftain under the ruler Deva Raya II of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Hampi, capital of the Vijayanagara empire, sits on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. Virupaksha Temple is the main center of pilgrimage at Hampi, and has been considered the most sacred sanctuary over the centuries. It is intact among the surrounding ruins and is still used in worship. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, known here as Virupaksha, as the consort of the local goddess Pampa who is associated with the Tungabhadra River. There is also a Virupakshini Amma temple (mother goddess) in a village called Nalagamapalle, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, approximately 100 km from Tirupati.
Sanctum: Virupaksha (Shiva) Virupaksha (Shiva)
Address: Hampi, Karnataka 583239
Contact No. 080 2235 2828
All days of the week
9:00 AM - 1:00 PM
5:00 PM - 9:00 PM
Inside Glimpse of the Temple:
At present, the main temple consists of a sanctum, three ante chambers, a pillared hall and an open pillared hall. A pillared cloister, entrance gateways, courtyards, smaller shrines and other structures surround the temple.
The nine-tiered eastern gateway, which is the largest at 50 meters, is well-proportioned and incorporates some earlier structures. It has a brick superstructure and a stone base. It gives access to the outer court containing many sub-shrines.
The smaller eastern gateway leads to the inner court with its numerous smaller shrines.
Another gopuram towards north known as the Kanakagiri gopura, leads to a small enclosure with subsidiary shrines and eventually to the river Tungabhadra.
A narrow channel of the Tungabhadra River flows along the temple's terrace and then descends to the temple-kitchen and out through the outer court.
Krishnadevaraya, one of the famous kings of the Vijayanagara Empire was a major patron of this temple. The most ornate of all structures in the temple, the central pillared hall is believed to be his addition to this temple. So is the gateway tower giving access to the inner courtyard of the temple. Inscriptions on a stone plaque installed next to the pillared hall explain his contribution to the temple. It is recorded that Krishna Devaraya commissioned this hall in 1510 AD.
How to Reach:
By Air: The closest international airport from Hampi is Bellary, 350 kms away. Tourists can take a cab from Bellary to Hampi
By Rail: The nearest railway station is Hospet at about 13 km away. Hospet is amply connected to the major cities like Bellary and Bangalore. Tourists usually hire a cab from Hospet to reach Hampi. The distance from Bangalore to Hampi is a distance of 288km.
By Road: Tourists can go to Hampi by bus from places like Bellary, Hospet, and Bangalore. Volvo and AC buses are available for the passengers. Travelers can avail cabs as well.
Other Places of Attraction:
Tungabhadra Dam: TungaBhadra Dam Munirabad Rural, Karnataka 583234, Bellary, Bellary (Dist), Karnataka. The Tungabhadra River is a sacred river in southern India that starts and flows through the state of Karnataka, and joins the Krishna River as it enters Andhra Pradesh. In the epic Ramayana, the Tungabhadra river was known by the name of Pampa.About 15 km upstream from Shimoga at Gajanur across the River Tunga a dam was constructed. At Lakkavalli about 15 km upstream of Bhadravati across the Bhadra a dam is constructed. Both are multipurpose dams and irrigate lands in Shimoga, Chikkamagalur, Davanagere and Haveri.
Daroji Bear Sanctuary: Daroji Bear Sanctuary Daroji-Kamlapura Rd Karnataka, Bellary, Bellary (Dist), Karnataka. Daroji Bear Sanctuary is the only sanctuary in North Karnataka for the Indian Sloth Bear, and is located 50 km away from the city to the west. In October 1994, The Government of Karnataka declared 5,587.30 hectares of Bilikallu reserve forest as Daroji Bear Sanctuary. However, the hills that stretch between Daroji of Sandur taluk and Ramasagar of Hospet Taluk in Bellary district have always been a host to the Indian Sloth Bears.
Shri Krauncha Giri Temple: Krauncha Giri is believed to be the first abode of Lord Subramanya in the South India. The unique feature of the mountain is its elliptical shape with a diametric narrow pass. According to the legends, this gap in the mountain is made by Lord Subramanya, when he cut the mountain in the battle with the demon Taraka from his sphere weapon,Vel, to kill the demon who was hidden in the mountain. This mountain is also associated with legends of the sages Agastya and Parasurama. Kalidasa in the work Megha Sandesa describes the gap in the mountain.
The temple is located in the south west corner of India. The complex houses temples of Parvathi and Kumaraswami. The idol of Lord Ganesha is very famous in this temple.
Navalinga Temple: It is believed that the Navalinga temple was built in the 19th century in the reign of the king Amoghavarsha I or his son Krishna II of the Rashtrakuta dynasty. The temple is built in the South Indian Dravida style. In this cluster,each of the nine temples has a Linga and hence this place is named as a Navalinga. The Navalinga group appears to have been asymmetric, without any particular order. Even though,the temple has been constructed from the inferior quality stone, the finishing of the temple is of high quality, but now, it has lost its shine due to the degradation of the shrine walls. Each shrines of the temple has a South Indian style superstructure. The temple's ensemble has four mandapas .Out of the these mandapas ,three are in a line, going east-west and open to the shrines. Each of the shrines has a Shiva linga in the sanctum, though the lintel above the entrance has an image of Gajalakshmi, the consort of God Vishnu. The pillars in the hall have a better quality, that can be seen at Pattadakal, which indicates an advance feature in the art from the previous centuries.
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