Virupaksha Temple is located in Hampi 350 km from Bangalore, in the state of Karnataka in southern India. It is part of the Group of Monuments at Hampi, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temple is dedicated to Virupaksha, a form of Shiva. The temple was built by Lakkana Dandesha, a chieftain under the ruler Deva Raya II of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Hampi, capital of the Vijayanagara empire, sits on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. Virupaksha Temple is the main center of pilgrimage at Hampi, and has been considered the most sacred sanctuary over the centuries. It is intact among the surrounding ruins and is still used in worship. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, known here as Virupaksha, as the consort of the local goddess Pampa who is associated with the Tungabhadra River. There is also a Virupakshini Amma temple (mother goddess) in a village called Nalagamapalle, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, approximately 100 km from Tirupati.
Sanctum: Virupaksha (Shiva) Virupaksha (Shiva)
Address: Hampi, Karnataka 583239
Contact No. 080 2235 2828
Timings: All days of the week
9:00 AM - 1:00 PM
5:00 PM - 9:00 PM
How to Reach:
- By Air: The closest international airport from Hampi is Bellary, 350 kms away. Tourists can take a cab from Bellary to Hampi
- By Rail: The nearest railway station is Hospet at about 13 km away. Hospet is amply connected to the major cities like Bellary and Bangalore. Tourists usually hire a cab from Hospet to reach Hampi. The distance from Bangalore to Hampi is a distance of 288km.
- By Road: Tourists can go to Hampi by bus from places like Bellary, Hospet, and Bangalore. Volvo and AC buses are available for the passengers. Travelers can avail cabs as well.
Other Places of Attraction:
Tungabhadra Dam: Tungabhadra River is a sacred river in southern India that starts and flows through the state of Karnataka, and joins the Krishna River as it enters Andhra Pradesh. In the epic Ramayana, the Tungabhadra river was known by the name of Pampa.
Daroji Bear Sanctuary: Daroji Bear Sanctuary is the only sanctuary in North Karnataka for the Indian Sloth Bear, and is located 50 km away from the city to the west.
Shri Krauncha Giri Temple: Krauncha Giri is believed to be the first abode of Lord Subramanya in the South India. The unique feature of the mountain is its elliptical shape with a diametric narrow pass. This mountain is also associated with legends of the sages Agastya and Parasurama. Kalidasa in the work Megha Sandesa describes the gap in the mountain. The idol of Lord Ganesha is very famous in this temple.
Navalinga Temple: The temple is built in the South Indian Dravida style. In this cluster,each of the nine temples has a Linga and hence this place is named as a Navalinga. The temple's ensemble has four mandapas.Out of the these mandapas ,three are in a line, going east-west and open to the shrines. Each of the shrines has a Shiva linga in the sanctum, though the lintel above the entrance has an image of Gajalakshmi, the consort of God Vishnu.